What is Carbon

Carbon is one of the essential elements of life on Earth. Derived from the Latin: Carbo, which means coal, Carbon has the chemical symbol C. On the periodic table, Carbon is in group 14 period 2.  In geology, graphite and Carbon are the two mineral forms of Carbon. They both have the same chemical composition but were formed in very different environments. Hence why diamond has a hardness of 10, and graphite has a hardness of 1.
Diamond forms in the mantle under intense heat and pressure. Most graphite found near Earth's surface was formed within the crust at lower temperatures...